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Philosophy of the Syncretic Academy

works by Antiochus of Ascalon, Cicero and Others

Volume 3 of the Rediscovered Philosophers series

new material in this edition copyright © 2016


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Rediscovered Philosophers

In the first century BC, Antiochus of Ascalon created a new synthesis of Academic, Peripatetic, and Stoic thought that makes him one of the most interesting classical philosophers. Now, you can read the works of Antiochus and his followers.

Among many other works, this collection includes Antiochus' essay on ethics, which is the best surviving exposition of classical virtue ethics, clearer and more complete than anything in Aristotle.

About this Series

In the past, you had to learn about most Hellenistic philosophers by reading descriptions of their doctrines. Imagine if you could not read the works of Plato or William James and could only read descriptions of their doctrines! You would have no sense of their intellects or of their personalities.

Yet the works of many Hellenistic philosophers have always been hidden in plain sight, quoted in the dialogs of Cicero, where they have been accessible to a handful of classical scholars who were willing to search for the sources of the dialogs and to wade through all the extraneous material that Cicero added.

This series, the Rediscovered Philosophers, disentangles the philosophers' works from the dialogs, making these works accessible to a wider audience for the first time. It includes three books: Philosophy of the Stoics, Philosophy of the Skeptical Academy, and Philosophy of the Syncretic Academy.


The following selections from Philosophy of the Skeptical Academy are available on the web:

For selections from other books in this series, see the menu on the left.